Free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are highly reactive molecules that are generated by normal cellular processes upon environmental stresses. ROS reacts with cellular components hence damaging DNA, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids from extracts and synthetic chemicals leading to cellular and tissue injury.
Excess production of reactive oxygen species can also lead to inflammation, premature aging, and several clinical disease states, including cancer, diabetes, and atherosclerosis.
External stimuli such as anti-oxidant formulations can allow tissues to sustain their complex antioxidant system by protecting themselves from oxidative stress, however, excess ROS can overwhelm the systems and cause severe damage.
“To achieve a balance between oxidant and antioxidant effects in the tissue.”